Fertility testing: what is it and why should you go for it?

If a couple are trying to conceive a child but are unable to do so for more than a year, one should consider going to a doctor and getting fertility tests done. A fertility test basically determines why a couple is facing problems with pregnancy.

It is generally recommended that the male and female partner go for fertility testingtogether. This is because the first time a couple visits the doctor, he inquires about their medical history and the kind of lifestyle they lead. Certain questions that he may put forth are about-

Long term or recent health conditions
Current medication
Addiction to smoking or alcohol
Excess caffeine intake
Frequency of sex
Birth control history
Problems with sex
Problems with Sexually transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Certain questions that he may ask the female partner are along the line of-

A prior pregnancy
Irregular periods
Cases of spotting
Appearance of large blot clots
Depending on the answers to the above questions doctors recommend fertility tests for women and men alike.

Why take an infertility test?

A couple should opt for an infertility test to determine the exact cause and extent of the problem, so that relevant treatment can be started. A successful treatment will allow the couple to conceive and nurture a child happily. Fertility testing makes couple realise exactly what is wrong with them, so that they can seek treatment and make necessary changes in lifestyle. This to a great extant also proves to control future complications.

Some fertility tests for women are-

Pap smear a Pap smear is a test which effectively detects health conditions like cervical cancer or an STD, which may be interfering with pregnancy.
Thyroid tests- detects hormonal issues
Hysterosalpingogram- X-rays of the fallopian tube along with the uterus, to check for damage or blockage.
Hysteroscopy- Uses a flexible tube, put inside the uterus to detect problems
Laparoscopy- A surgery which checks the pelvis region for any damage.
Some fertility tests for men are-

Semen analysis- it determines the sperm count and quality of sperms.
Scrotal ultrasound- The ultrasound helps detect scrotal problems
Hormone testing- done to check hormone imbalance
Genetic tests- done due to low sperm count
Testicular biopsy- to determine if there is a blockage that is preventing sperm transfer.
A couple should get an infertility test done to find out the exact cause of the problem so that they can receive relevant treatment and try for a baby thereafter.

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